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Leonidas Farm Ledger

Identifier: RH-A-3990

Scope and Contents

It is not certain who the people recorded in this ledger are or to whom it belonged. C. L. Bower is probably Charles Bower. He was born in Germany in 1831 and immigrated to the US in 1867 where he worked as a Farm Laborer in Paw Paw, Michigan.


  • Creation: 1888-1899



1 Volumes ; 9" x 7"

Language of Materials


Immediate Source of Acquisition

This item was given as a gift by Larry Syndergaard.

Physical Description

This collection is .25 cubic feet. The ledger is 9 inches by 7 inches in size. The binding is red. It is in poor condition with a fragile binding and a few pages falling out. The pages are all yellowed and many are stained, torn, or creased. Much of the handwriting in the ledger is illegible.

Inside both the front and back covers of the ledger there are math sums and little notes written. A note with the name George Frances Murphy is pinned inside the front cover. On the back cover an idea for curing earaches. The name C L Bower Paw Paw, Michigan 1888 is written on the first page of the ledger. The records inside the ledger deal mostly with work done by various farmers and laborers, payments made, and produce and supplies bought and sold. A large number of the pages are labeled Cash Paid Out or Cash Received. The records in the ledger were written mostly between 1888 and 1899. However, there are a few notes that date early and one note about “Uncle William Wykeman” written inside the front cover dated 1903.


This collection contains one untitled ledger of farm records from Paw Paw Michigan. The ledger most likely dates from between 1888 and 1899.


This item is from the Larry Syndergaard Collection, A-2237. A decision was made to make this ledger a separate collection.

Leonidas Farm Ledger Finding Aid
Anna Yacullo
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Code for undetermined script
Language of description note

Repository Details

Part of the Western Michigan University Archives & Regional History Collections Repository

Charles C. and Lynn L. Zhang Legacy Collections Center
1650 Oakland Drive
Kalamazoo MI 49008-5307 US
(269) 387-8490