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Pennfield Farmers Grange No 85 Notebook

 Collection — Box: 1
Identifier: RH-A-4202

Scope and Contents

The collection is composed of one bound notebook with dates ranging from 1873-1878, from the Pennfield Farmers Grange No 85 located in Pennfield, MI within Calhoun County.

The notebook lists some names of the members: Geo C. Hicks and wife, M. F. Johnson and wife, Richard Keeler and wife, S. E. Woodworth and wife, W. N. Woodworth and wife, Andrew Huguesine, Barnabas Newton and wife, Calvin P. White and wife, E. M. Brown and wife, J. Y. Hicks and wife, E. H. Hicks and wife, R. S. Pool and wife, Caleb Garrett and wife, Marvin Cannon and wife, Carolus H. Burch and wife, and John W. Adams.


  • Creation: 1873-1878


Biographical / Historical

The Pennfield Grange No 85 from Pennfield, MI was a local charter of the Grange, which is also known as the Patrons of Husbandry or the Order of the Patrons of Husbandry. The first Grange was founded in 1867. There were local, state, and national Grange charters. The role of the organization is to work for the interests of farmers whether it be in agriculture, economics, or community. Members included both men and women.

The Pennfield Grange No 85 itself was founded on October 6, 1873 at the Hicks School House in an unstated location, with a starting total of members at 30 whose names are listed in the Notes below. The member fees were three dollars for each man and fifty cents for each woman. This charter held monthly meetings at 7 o’clock and there were special meetings held in between as well. The notebook contains meeting information regarding present and prospective members, fees collected and expenditures, those in officer roles and appointed committees, conferring of degrees, chosen delegates for outside Grange conventions, events, and typical meeting tasks. The notebook also contains information on the charter’s stances on dealing with agricultural issues such as the buying of goods and for what price they will pay for them or creating a Council or Board at trade with Battle Creek for buying and selling articles wanted by the farmers. The meeting notes also document decisions made on aiding non-Grange organizations, either with money or simply with support and cooperation.


.05 Cubic Feet

Language of Materials


Immediate Source of Acquisition

This item was purchased with funds from the Starring Endowment.

Physical Description

This collection is composed of one bound notebook from a local charter of the Grange, located in Pennfield, MI. The notebook, which amounts to about .05 cubic feet, consists of 73 pages, one of which is a blank cover page and one is a smaller loose piece of paper. The dimensions of the notebook are 6 5/8”x 8 1/4” and for the loose piece of paper the dimensions are 4 15/16”x7 15/16.” The notebook is entirely written with ink except for the loose piece of paper, which is written with pencil. The pages are in good condition and the writing is still legible. There are some minor ink stains.

The notebook is in fair condition. The pages in the front and back show signs of aging. The cover of the notebook is splitting from the pages in both the front and in the back. There is a hole in the back side of the cover at the crease, due to the splitting. The back cover page looks to have been torn out. The slip of paper documenting the year range of the notebook has previously been ripped and taped multiple times. The label on the cover is greatly worn down to wear it is difficult to read other than “Secretary / Manufactured for Grange, ? / By ?, North Sixth Street, Philadelphia.” The cover is worn and slightly peeling.

Pennfield Farmers Collection finding aid
Stephanie Chapman
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the Western Michigan University Archives & Regional History Collections Repository

Charles C. and Lynn L. Zhang Legacy Collections Center
1650 Oakland Drive
Kalamazoo MI 49008-5307 US
(269) 387-8490